FAQs about the Borneo rainforest

7. How has deforestation and fires affected the Borneo fauna?

The WWF estimates that the island has at least 222 species of mammals (44 of them endemic), and 13 species of primates. Among mammals, bats and rodents abound, due to the networks of caves and characteristic of Borneo rainforest. These species are very useful for their function of dispersing seeds and controlling insect populations. The orangutan is the main species and is exclusive to Borneo and Sumatra, the neighboring island. Other mammals include the proboscis monkey, the Müller gibbon of Borneo, the Malayan bear, the nebulous leopard, the elephant of Borneo, the Borneo rhinoceros and the banteng, a species of wild cattle widespread in Southeast Asia.

In Borneo there are about 420 resident birds (37 endemic); 100 amphibians; 394 fish (19 endemic). Among the birds, the eight species of calaos stand out, symbols of the island due to their variety, size, color and quantity. As for the insects, 1,000 single insect species have been found in a single dipterocarp tree. All these species have suffered great losses of their population due to the destruction of their habitats during the deforestation of the island. It is hard to quantify the number of casualties and perhaps you will never know how many died in the large fires or in their failed attempts to adapt to the island’s new vegetation, especially oil palms.

Other sections of Borneo rainforest

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Borneo rainforest
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The Homo predator in Borneo

Those of us who belong to the species Homo sapiens owe our name and surname to our two main characteristics: we are human, and we are endowed with the ability to think. When one enters Borneo and focuses on the microscope to learn more about what has happened on the enormous island in the last 50 years…

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All about Borneo rainforest

Borneo is the third largest island on Earth and is larger than France. Called Kalimantan in Indonesian, Borneo and Sumatra are the only two places on Earth where orangutans live. The forests of Borneo, qualified by some as the Asian Amazon, in the last 50 years have lost two thirds of their trees a number of habitats …

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