FAQs about Water Pollution and Shortage
10. How much water does fracking need?
Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is an unconventional method of extracting oil and gas that requires vertical and horizontal drilling at great depths. The first commercial hydraulic fracturing was achieved as recently as 1998. Fracking is a highly questioned technology since it prolongs the use of fossil-based hydrocarbons and the introduction of more CO2 into the atmosphere. Cause contamination in the places where wells are drilled, in addition to requiring a large amount of water, which can vary between 10 and 30 million liters per well.
The great scarcity of fresh water that exists on the planet is public knowledge. According to TheGuardian.com, which in turn takes information from the Ceres Investors Network, of the nearly 40,000 oil and gas wells drilled since 2011, three quarters were located in areas where water is scarce, and the 55% were in areas with drought.