Never had an agreement like that of Paris been obtained

The Paris Agreement is an ambitious global agreement to combat climate change, negotiated during COP21, Paris 2015, the twenty-first Conference of the Parties for climate change. The landmark document has been adopted by 197 countries and officially signed on April 22, 2016, Earth Day, and will enter into force in 2020. It includes limiting the increase in global temperature to 2° C, starting from of the pre-industrial era, through the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, caused mainly by fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal.

The scenario where the Paris Agreement was negotiated

The Paris Agreement in pics and videos

Source: Jacky Naegelen Reuters Files

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The Paris Agreement document

  • ONE: The Paris Agreement is an ambitious agreement to fight against climate change, negotiated during COP21, Paris 2015, sponsored by UN. Its main objective is to limit the increase in global temperature to 2° C, before the end of the century after pre-industrial era.

  • TWO: The document is a paper of 29 articulated and a large number of numerals, expressed in 27 pages. It was approved on December 12, 2015.

  • TRES: El Acuerdo ha sido adoptado por 197 países y su firma se inició oficialmente el 22 de abril de 2016, el Día de la Tierra. Entrará en vigor en 2020.

To read the full document

Is the Paris Agreement credible?

The massive media coverage that COP21 received contributed to many nations, organizations and individuals raising their eyes and becoming awareness of climate change and its serious consequences on our planet if we do not take decisive and effective actions to avoid them. However, we should not let ourselves be carried away by excesses of optimism and from now on it will be more prudent to see what the signatory nations are doing instead of believing us to the letter of the acquired commitments.

How the Paris Agreement was reached

How was the route to COP21 in 2015

Past, present and future: the road map of the Paris Agreement

2015

It was negotiated in December at the COP21 – Climate Change Conference

2016

On April 22, Earth Day, his signature began

2016

On November 3 came into force, when the signature of 55% of countries was reached

2017

The Talanoha Dialogue is created

2018

COP24 Previous meeting of signatory countries to refine their plans for 2020

2019

COP25 will be held, year before the entry into force of the Paris Agreement

2020

Year of entry into force of the Agreement – Start of application

2030

2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

2050

50% is the goal of reducing emissions of Greenhouse Gases

2100

Target year to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases to zero

What are the objectives of the Agreement?

The main objective of the Paris Agreement is to fight against climate change to limit the increase in global temperature to 2 ° C, before the end of the century after the pre-industrial era. In addition, it is urged that additional measures be taken so that the global temperature does not exceed 1.5 °C

How will the objectives be achieved?

To achieve this goal, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced, those that come from fossil fuels, until their total eradication. Through the premise of “Zero fossil fuels”, it is intended to replace them with renewable, alternative or clean energy.

What measures does the Agreement propose?

The Paris Agreement proposes measures to combat climate change such as mitigation, adaptation and resilience. To help countries with fewer resources, the Green Climate Fund has been created to help them meet their objectives.

Three keys to the Paris Agreement in the fight against climate change

Mitigation

It is a term that means to attenuate or soften a negative thing, such as an illness or a headache. In the case of global warming, mitigation refers to the reduction of GHG emissions. They also include the improvement of the sumps to increase the absorption capacity of said gases. Also considered are programs such as carbon or energy taxes, and incentives for voluntary GHG reduction and its replacement by clean energy.

Adaptation

It refers to the actions that must be taken to prevent unwanted changes. In the case of global warming, adaptation includes initiatives and measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems to climate change. Countries and communities must implement preventive measures and practices to avoid probable harm. Short and long-term measures must be contemplated, through environmental management, planning and disaster management.

Resilience

Resilience is the ability of a species or system to recover from a disturbing agent. In terms of global warming, resilience refers to the capacity of an ecosystem to absorb disturbances without significantly altering its structural and functional characteristics, and can return to its original state after the adverse factor has ceased. The Paris Agreement places special emphasis on increasing mitigation, adaptation and resilience capacity to reduce vulnerability to climate change.

The Green Climate Fund

The objective of The Green Climate Fund is to raise US $ 100 billion annually from 2020 and US $ 30 billion for the period 2010-2012, to help low-income countries to finance their adaptation, mitigation and resilience needs, related to climate change. However, this figure is not official, since it has not yet been defined where the money will come from. It has been argued that the most industrialized countries are the ones that put most of the funds, which could also come from the private sector.

The theme of “Ambition”

The Paris Agreement contemplates a system of ambitions by which each of the parties must establish their own level of ambition in order to achieve their objective or contribution to reach the overall objective. These particular ambitions will be reviewed every five years, beginning in 2023. During the state supervision of each party, elements of the Agreement will be considered, such as commitments to reduce emissions, the status of adaptation and implementation, with emphasis on financing and the good use of funds for this.

Threats that may affect the Paris agreement

The great dependence of some countries producing oil, coal and gas for domestic consumption and / or exports, which could lead to non-compliance with the agreements.

The exploration and discovery increases of large hydrocarbon deposits, which do not seem to stop, will increase the production of oil, coal and natural gas.

The implementation of fracking or hydraulic fracturing, an unconventional technology used to release hydrocarbons embedded in rocks of very low porosity, in great depths that can exceed three kilometers.

That important unanticipated amounts of carbon are released into the atmosphere, from permafrost deposits, in frozen places, although without ice, due to the effects of global warming itself.

That significant unanticipated amounts of carbon are released into the atmosphere from peat bogs due to the felling and burning of forests

That the entire Green Fund, 100 billion dollars per year, starting in 2020, should not be combined to help low-income countries meet their national goals of the Paris Agreement.

The inability to effectively control the commitments acquired by each country.

Corruption in many countries could divert resources from the Green Fund to different destinations for which they were created.

The obstacle of the deniers of global warming and climate change, which could fail the climate agreements reached in Paris, in 2015.

That one or several countries, large polluters, withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

A global economic crisis that diverts the attention and resources necessary to meet climate goals.

A great war that distracts governments from the fight against climate change.

What would happen if the goals of the
Paris Agreement were not met?

The goal of limiting the global increase to more than 2 ° C would be affected, with the consequent dangers.

The sea level would increase with loss of human and material lives along the coasts and low places.

There would be great droughts that would affect harvests and there would be famine and hyperinflation.

There would be a serious shortage of drinking water on a planetary scale.

There may be imbalances in the food chains.

The extinction of species from all kingdoms could occur: animals, plants, algae, fungi, ferns and viruses, all important to maintain the biological balance woven by nature for millions of years.

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