FAQs about Climate Change

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1. What is climate change and what is its origin?

Climate change is directly related to global warming due to human activities. It manifests with the increase in intensity and frequency of meteorological phenomena such as heat waves, droughts, rains, forest fires, weakening of the coral bar, possible modification of hurricane and tornado patterns. The melting of the glaciers, the loss of ice at both poles and the rise in sea level represent potential dangers for the populations of the islands and coasts. If the temperature on the planet continues to increase, there will be a greater shortage of drinking water and food.

Most of the greenhouse gases (GHG) come from the burning of fossil fuels, caused mainly by the massive use of transport and the expansion of industry, while the rest corresponds to the deforestation of woods and the increase in agriculture, livestock and some other factors. However, there is another danger, not as well-known as the named ones. It is the CO2 contained in the permafrost, which could escape into the atmosphere and cause greater damage than the conventional emission of greenhouse gases, as explained in the response to FAQ-6.

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Other sections of Climate Change

Pioneers of Climate Change

At all times and in all sciences, there have always been visionaries, those people who anticipate situations long before other persons can glimpse them. This is the case of Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), a French mathematician and physicist, who in 1824 calculated that an object the size of the Earth and with a similar distance from the sun, it should be much colder to what our planet is really like. He affirmed that it was maintained with a temperate climate because the atmosphere retains the heat as if it were under glass. Thus, Fourier has the honor of being the first to use the greenhouse analogy…

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Climate change, what is it and what are its causes?

Anthropogenic climate change is the variation of climate status attributed to human activity that alters the composition of the atmosphere and has consequences on the entire planet. The main cause of climate change is global warming caused by emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), of anthropogenic origin, among which CO2 is the most frequent. The sources responsible for these emissions are the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, coal and gas, used mainly in industry and transport.

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