FAQs about the Amazon rainforest, the world’s lung

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2. What is the function of trees to keep the global temperature stable?

Trees have a double vital function: they produce oxygen, essential for the life of most species, and absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), the main component of greenhouse gases (GHG), which cause global warming and climate change. During photosynthesis, function performed by trees and most of plants, they absorb and store CO2, which is fixed in its roots, trunks and leaves in the form of carbon. The plants, although they take oxygen from the air and re-enter carbon dioxide, the final balance is positive in terms of the extraction of CO2 from the atmosphere. The absorption capacity of carbon dioxide is directly proportional to the size, density and quantity of trees present in a forest.

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One tree breathes, two trees breathe twice as much and in the case of the Amazon it is the world’s largest rainforest that breathes. And it does so with force, because millions of trees live in its immense territory of about six million square kilometers, eight times greater than the Borneo rainforest, depleted by 75%, largely during the last three decades of the Last century. The one that was recently the lung of Southeast Asia, today is a mutilated and diseased organ. The predation was such that the huge island became the first timber exporter on the planet, larger than Africa and Brazil together…

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Trees produce oxygen, vital to most species, and in turn absorb carbon dioxide, CO2, the largest component of greenhouse gases, causing global warming, the main trigger of climate change. During photosynthesis, the process carried out by trees and the vast majority of plants, they absorb and store carbon dioxide (CO2), which is fixed to their roots, trunks and leaves in the form of carbon. The plants, although they take oxygen from the air and re-enter CO2, the final balance is positive in favor of the extraction of CO2 from the atmosphere…

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