FAQs about the Amazon rainforest, the world’s lung
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1. Why is the Amazon jungle the lung of the world?
The Amazon hosts the largest tropical forest in the world, with an area of more than 6 million km2, in whose territory Spain would fit almost twelve times. There are about 80 thousand kinds of trees and more than 140 thousand plant species. They are hundreds of millions of specimens that absorb water and then return it to the atmosphere in immense quantities of water vapor, through its leaves. With that mega perspiration the clouds form, from which the vital liquid returns by passing drizzles or prolonged downpours, which partly fall on the forest itself. These rains keep the forests with a constant humidity, although they also irrigate distant places like the Andean mountain range. This gigantic biochemical machinery gives us an idea of the importance as a natural controller of global warming and climate change. For this reason, it has been called the “lung of the planet” or “lung of the world”.
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